In 2020 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 254,026. In the late 1990s, however, a slight decline in religiosity occurred. [19] By 1994 the National Spiritual Assembly of Kazakhstan was elected[20] and the community has begun to multiply its efforts across various interests. According to a 2009 national census, approximately 26% of the population of Kazakhstan identifies as Christian. [6] The Eid al-Adha is recognized as a national holiday. Tengrism is a Central Asian religion characterized by shamanism, animism, totemism, poly- and monotheism and ancestor worship. It also estimated that 23.1% practices Christianity, 4% are unaffiliated, and 0.9% of the population practices other religions, mainly Buddhism and Hinduism.[7]. BTI 2020 Kasachstan Länderbericht. 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Bakhytzhan Abdiruly Sagintayev (Kazakh: Бақытжан Әбдірұлы Сағынтаев, Baqytjan Ábdiruly Saǵyntaev; born 13 October 1963) is a Kazakh politician who was a Prime Minister of Kazakhstan, having taken office on 8 September 2016. Active Near Age Limit; Cardinals. Freedom of religion and religious tolerance, Estimation based on Kazakh population share of 67% (, "Religious Composition by Country, 2010-2050",, "Итоги переписи населения Республики Казахстан 2009 года", Kazakhstan – International Religious Freedom Report 2010,,, "KAZAKHSTAN: Restrictive draft Religion Law to reach full parliament tomorrow", International Religious Freedom Report 2006, "The results of the national population census in 2009", The Bahá'í Faith: 1844-1963: Information Statistical and Comparative, Including the Achievements of the Ten Year International Baháʼí Teaching & Consolidation Plan 1953-1963, "QuickLists: Most Baha'i (sic) Nations (2010)", "The Virtual Jewish History Tour – Kazakhstan", "KAZAKHSTAN: Officially-inspired intolerance of religious freedom steps up", "KAZAKHSTAN: More Hare Krishna home demolitions planned? The majority are Sunni (estimated at 80-90%), with an estimated 10-20% Shia. See the Department of State’s International Religious Freedom Report . There are a total of 2,300 mosques, all of them affiliated with the "Spiritual Association of Muslims of Kazakhstan", headed by a s… Overview: In 2019 Kazakhstan was the number 52 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 48 in total exports, the number 56 in total imports, the number 75 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 80 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI) Exports: The top exports of Kazakhstan are Crude Petroleum ($34.3B), … Electors; Non-Voting; Cardinal-Bishops; Cardinal-Priests; Cardinal-Deacons He has since 28 June 2019 served as the Äkim of Almaty The economy is projected to grow by 3.7 percent in 2020, as the impact of fiscal stimuli is likely to diminish. [4] However, the population is sometimes wary of minority religious groups and groups that proselytize. Situation Report December 29, 2020. [4] There are a total of 2,300 mosques,[5] all of them affiliated with the "Spiritual Association of Muslims of Kazakhstan", headed by a supreme mufti. In 2020, an average of 48% said religion was very important in their own life, and 33% said the influence of religion on American life was increasing. [12][15] Methodists, Mennonites, and Mormons have also registered churches with the government. Demographics of Kazakhstan 2020. The court called his preaching and teaching efforts “inciting religious discord” and “advocating [religious] superiority.” In addition, the judge also imposed a three-year ban on Mr. Akhmedov’s participation in Bible education activities. Bildung ist die beste Mitgift im Leben! Last updated: 03/10/21 *** Effective January 26, all airline passengers to the United States ages two years and older must provide a negative COVID-19 viral test taken within three calendar days of travel regardless of where they are traveling from. August 17, 2020 News Release [4] Christmas, rendered in the Russian Orthodox manner according to the Julian calendar, is recognized as a national holiday in Kazakhstan. The Apostolic Administration of Kazakhstan and Central Asia is an apostolic administration of the Ruthenian Catholic Church in Kazakhstan. Hundreds of mosques, synagogues, churches, and other religious structures were built in a matter of years. Baptist Churches are often raided. IOM Kazakhstan. Pakistan has the second largest number of Muslims in the world after Indonesia. Im ländlichen Kasachstan sind die Bildungsmöglichkeiten sehr beschränkt. [3][4] Less than 1% are part of the Shafi`i (primarily Chechens) and Shi'a. [23][24][25], Article 22 of the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan states that "everyone has the right to a freedom of conscience.” On May 18, 2011, the President of Kazakhstan adopted a decree establishing the Agency for Religious Affairs. Religious worker registration is only valid for the locality where it is granted. Official religion none Monetary unit tenge (T) Currency Exchange Rate 1 USD equals 432.243 Kazakhstani tenge Population (2020 est.) Overview of holidays and many observances in Kazakhstan during the year 2021 The Huns of the northern Caucasus reportedly believed in two gods: Tangri Han (or Tengri Khan), considered identical to the Persian Aspandiat and for whom horses were sacrificed, and Kuar (whose victims are struck by lightning). [citation needed] The draft religion law being considered in June 2008 has raised international concern over whether there is an intention to meet general standards of freedom of religion and human rights.[10]. [11] Traditionally ethnic Kazakhs are Sunni Muslims who mainly follow the Hanafi school. The country has historically hosted a wide variety of ethnic groups with varying religions. Kazakhstan Public Holidays 2020 This page contains a national calendar of all 2020 public holidays for Kazakhstan. There are also small numbers of Buddhists, Jews, Hindus, Mormons, and Baha'i. The government supported this activity, and has done its best to provide equality among all religious organizations and their followers. Religion in Kazakhstan (2020 Estimate) [1], According to various polls, the majority of Kazakhstan's citizens, primarily ethnic Kazakhs, identify as non-denominational Muslims,[2] while others incline towards Sunni of the Hanafi school, traditionally including ethnic Kazakhs, who constitute about 63.6% of the population, as well as ethnic Uzbeks, Uighurs, and Tatars. Main category: Religious demographics Size of Major Religious Groups, 2020 Religion Percent Christianity 31.11% Islam 24.90% Unaffiliated 15.58% Hinduism 15.16% Buddhism 6.62% Folk Religions 5.61% Other Religions 0.79% This is a list of religious populations by number of adherents and countries. In Irk Bitig, Tengri is mentioned as Türük Tängrisi (God of Turks). [12] Kazakhs including other ethnic groups of Muslim background make up over 90 per cent of all Muslims. All represented religions benefited from increased number of members and facilities. Islam is the largest religion practiced in Kazakhstan, with estimates of about 70.2% of the country's population being Muslim.Ethnic Kazakhs are predominantly Sunni Muslims of the Hanafi school. The foundation of an independent republic, following the disintegration of the USSR, has launched a great deal of changes in every aspect of people's lives. Christianity is the largest religion in Germany, and was introduced to the area of modern Germany with the conversion of the first Germanic tribes in the 4th century. Many confessions that were absent before independence made their way into the country, appealing to hundreds of people. There are also small number of Shia and few non muslims. Less than 1% are part of the Shafi`i (primarily Chechens) and Shi'a. However, some reported occurrences of persecution against Hare Krishnas and Jehovah's Witnesses for proselytizing have raised concern in the international community. Tengrists view their existence as sustained by the eternal blue sky (Tengri), the fertile mother-earth spirit (Umay) and a ruler regarded as the holy spirit of the sky. This is due to the church members gathering without registering themselves, a requirement of the country. Of Kazakhstan's citizens, 70% are Muslim, mostly Sunni. Hindus in Kazakhstan are mainly of the ISKCON sect and by Diaspora Hindus from India. [26], In 2003 Kazakhstan established Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions that aims to facilitate religious dialogue ensuring inter-religious tolerance and freedom in Kazakhstan. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Kazakhstan was worth 180.16 billion US dollars in 2019, according to official data from the World Bank and projections from Trading Economics. Within the Muslim population, Sunni and Hanafi, are the most practiced schools of thought, although there are also small communities of Shia and Ahmadi. Intolerance to other societies has become an issue of the Kazakh culture. By living an upright, respectful life, a human will keep his world in balance and perfect his personal Wind Horse, or spirit. This marked a 14-point uptick in views about religion's influence from 2019, while the percentage saying it is very important to them personally was at its record low-point. [16] "Kazakhstan is the strange core of traditionalist Catholicism," Catholic writer Ross Douthat stated in 2018. 69 reviews. These dates may be modified as official changes are announced, so please check back regularly for updates. According to various polls, the majority of Kazakhstan's citizens, primarily ethnic Kazakhs, identify as non-denominational Muslims, while others incline towards Sunni of the Hanafi school, traditionally including ethnic Kazakhs, who constitute about 63.6% of the population, as well as ethnic Uzbeks, Uighurs, and Tatars. [18] Following the entrance of Baháʼí pioneers the community grew to be the largest religious community after Islam and Christianity, though only a few percent of the nation. Kazakhstan, officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a transcontinental country mainly located in Central Asia with a smaller portion west of the Ural River in Eastern Europe. Schulkomplex St. Lorenz, Korneevka, Soltüstik Qazaqstan, Kazakhstan. Rights, Rule of Law Key in Response to Region’s Crises. The Indian community in Central Asia, which comprises Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, numbers only 2732 out of a total population of 55.5 million. It consists mainly of NRIs. He was replaced by Askar Mamin on 21 February 2019 when the government resigned. Christians, predominantly Russian Orthodox, make up 26.6% of the population, with smaller numbers of Catholics and various Protestant denominations. [5], Less than 25% of the population of Kazakhstan is Russian Orthodox, traditionally including ethnic Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians. Islam is the most commonly practiced religion in Kazakhstan; it was introduced to the region during the 8th century by the Arabs. One of Kazakhstan's most important natural resources is its beautiful scenery which attracts significant numbers of tourists to the country. Most Christian citizens are Russians, and to a lesser extent Ukrainians and Belarusians, who belong to the Russian Orthodox Church. There are approximately 12,000 to 30,000 Jews in Kazakhstan, less than 1% of the population. KarLag / Museum of Political Repression Victims’ Memory of the Dolinka Settlement. The Association of Religion Data Archives (relying on World Christian Encyclopedia) estimated some 7,000 Baháʼís in 2010. Kazakhstan Religion, Economy and Politics. The GDP value of Kazakhstan represents 0.15 percent of the world economy. [4], According to the estimate by the Pew Research Center, 72% of the population practices Islam.