At the former inner German border, it is still interrupted between Eisfeld and Coburg, but rebuilding is in discussion. [12], There are two types of secondary school in Germany.

In 2019 2020, the population of the city of Duisburg, Germany is - 487 470 people. Niedersachsen zu wechseln. Die Mittelstadt ist seit 1998 kreisfreie Stadt und das Zentrum Westthüringens sowie der angrenzenden nordosthessischen Gebiete. Žije zde asi 45 000 obyvatel. 1641: Eisenach gëtt vu Sachsen-Weimar getrennt. Eisenach on kaupunki Saksan keskiosassa, Thüringenin osavaltiossa entisessä Itä-Saksassa. Later, Martin Luther came to Eisenach and translated the Bible into German. His father, Johann Ambrosius Bach worked here as a musician at that time. [3]:139 Later, she became the patroness of Thuringia and Hesse. Moreover, it was not possible to expand the old route because of the mountainous topography. Due to the official atheism of the former German Democratic Republic, most of the population is non-religious: 23.0% are members of the Evangelical Church in Central Germany and 4.4% are Catholics (according to the 2011 EU census). April 2021., Statistisches Bundesamt. [9] Of those employees, 3,000 work for just two companies (Opel and Bosch), underlining the dependence of Eisenach on the automotive industry. During recent years, the economic situation of the town improved: the unemployment rate declined from 17% in 2005 to 9% in 2013. 2019: 3,556,792: 0.13%: 4,669: 2018: 3,552,123: 0.36%: 12,889: 2017: 3,539,234: 0.36%: 12,843: 2016: 3,526,391: 0.36%: 12,796: 2015: 3,513,595: 0.36%: 12,732: 2014: 3,500,863: 0.36%: 12,686: 2013: 3,488,177: 0.36%: 12,622: 2012: 3,475,555: 0.36%: 12,611: 2011: 3,462,944: 0.36%: 12,549: 2010: 3,450,395: 0.36%: 12,503: 2009: 3,437,892: 0.36%: 12,325: 2008: 3,425,567: 0.36%: 12,200: 2007: … The Nesse river enters the Hörsel river in Eisenach after forming a valley through the spur of the Hörselberg mountains in the eastern municipal territory. Matthias Doht of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) was elected mayor in 2006. The southern municipal territory is covered with forest, same as some smaller parts north of the Hörsel river. Liste der Stadtteile von Eisenach Connected to: {{::readMoreArticle.title}} aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie {{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}} This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by contributors (read/edit). "Entwicklung der Einwohnerzahl in Eisenach (kreisfreie Stadt) von 1995 bis 2019." The Automobilwerk Eisenach was founded in 1896. Eisenach (German pronunciation: [ˈaɪ̯zənax] (listen)) is a town in Thuringia, Germany with 42,000 inhabitants, located 50 kilometres (31 miles) west of Erfurt, 70 km (43 miles) southeast of Kassel and 150 km (93 miles) northeast of Frankfurt. South of the historic centre, mansion districts were established on the hillsides of Mariental valley, where the rich factory owners, rentiers and other upper-class people lived. The region around Eisenach is the part of Thuringia with the strongest economic base.[3]:139. These all connect points of touristic interest, the first along the Werra valley from the Thuringian Forest to the Weser river in Hann. The three-line tramway system of Eisenach was in operation between 1897 and 1975. Some locals wrecked the stained glass windows, as well as the interior. În acest oraș s-a născut faimosul compozitor Johann Sebastian Bach. The most important castle is the Wartburg above the town. Einw. In that time, Luther translated the New Testament from Greek into German, in what was an important step both for the German Reformation and the development of a consistent German standard language. Due to its convenient location at a bottleneck between the Thuringian Forest in the south and the Hainich mountains in the north, Eisenach benefitted from substantial west-east trade along Via Regia from Frankfurt to Erfurt and Leipzig and became a rich merchant town. The University of Marburg … Nevertheless, the financial situation of Eisenach remained difficult, unemployment stayed above average and car production suffered from the business problems of Opel. It is notable for being where Matin Luther translated the Bible into German, where Johann Sebastian Bach was born, and a nearby automobile factory that produced cars for East Germany. After reunification, the educational system was reformed. Eisenach is a town in Thuringia, Germany with 42,000 inhabitants, located 50 kilometres west of Erfurt, 70 km southeast of Kassel and 150 km northeast of Frankfurt. Eisenach was part of the GDR after 1949. As a consequence, the landgraviate was divided. Geben Sie hierzu den Code "12411-0015" in die Suche ein.Ab 2011: Ergebnisse auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011. Having been awarded town privileges in 1222, Marburg served as capital of the landgraviate of Hessen-Marburg during periods of the fifteenth to seventeenth centuries. Authentifizieren Sie Ihren Admin-Account und profitieren Sie von zusätzlichen Features. A major attraction is Wartburg castle, which has been a UNESCO world heritage site since 1999. Before the Second World War, BMW had produced motorcycles in the town. 1641-1644: Herzog Albrecht (*1599, †1644). Zugriff nur auf Basis-Statistiken. In 1858, the Werra Railway to Lichtenfels (and further to Nuremberg) was opened. The population development of Eisenach as well as related information and services (weather, Wikipedia, Google, images). As early as the first half of the 19th century, the first factories were founded. Eisenach (Germany) Contents: Urban Agglomeration. In 1975, the tramway system was discontinued. Thuringia is well known for the lush green forests it has […] The Fahrzeugfabrik Eisenach (FFE), later Automobilwerk Eisenach, basis of car production in Eisenach, was founded in 1896, the first trams ran in 1897, the Burschenschaftsdenkmal [de] ("fraternity monument") was erected in 1902 and the J. S. Bach museum opened in 1907. In 2012, there were a total of 19 industrial companies with more than 20 workers in Eisenach, employing 5,600 people and generating a turnover of more than 1.8 billion euros. Neu, Zahlen und Einblicke in die Welt der Werbung und Medien, Industry Outlook The Wartburg castle is, aside from Weimar, the most-visited tourist attraction in Thuringia. In 1521/22 he was hidden by Frederick the Wise at Wartburg castle to protect him from the Imperial ban. On the other hand, Eisenach moved from the inner German border to the centre of the reunified country. [3]:139 During the second half of the 12th century, the town walls were erected (the Nikolaitor is an important relict of this wall) and Eisenach got a planned grid of streets and alleys. As the Eisenach dukes died out in 1741, the town and the state became part of Saxe-Weimar. Most Jews emigrated at that time, others were deported to concentration camps and murdered there. It is the main urban centre of western Thuringia and bordering northeastern Hessian regions, situated near the former Inner German border. Further local passenger stations are Eisenach-West, Eisenach-Opelwerk and Hörschel. Name State(s) Population Census 2011-05-09 Population Estimate 2019-12-31 ; Eisenach: Thüringen: 37,700: Kontaktieren Sie uns und genießen Sie Vollzugriff auf Dossiers, Forecasts, Studien und internationale Daten. Eisenach je město v západní části spolkové země Durynsko. Stadt Eisenach 42 710 42 370 - 340 -0,8 Eichsfeld 100 645 100 380 - 265 -0,3 Nordhausen 84 697 83 822 - 875 -1,0 Wartburgkreis 123 764 123 025 - 739 -0,6 Unstrut-Hainich-Kreis 103 504 102 912 - 592 -0,6 Diese Funktion können Sie erst ab einem Single-Account nutzen. In 1247, the Ludowingians died out which led to the War of the Thuringian Succession between the Wettins and Duchess Sophie of Brabant. Since 1406, Eisenach was no longer a Wettin residence, which led to a decline in urban development. In 1875, the town had 16,000 inhabitants, 30,000 in 1900, 43,000 in 1925 and more than 50,000 in 1940, as the peak was reached. 1 Mio. From 1809 to 1918, Eisenach was part of the Duchy (after 1815 Grand Duchy) of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. Juni, 2020. [6][7] Summers are warm and sometimes humid, winters are relatively cold. The coterie around the poet Julie von Bechtolsheim [de] met up with famous personalities like Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Christoph Martin Wieland in Eisenach.[2]:37. [5] The bombings during the war destroyed about 2,000 housing units and big parts of the car factories, as well as some historic buildings in the town centre, which were rebuilt soon after the war. A second Autobahn between Eisenach and Kassel is in construction (Bundesautobahn 44). Suburbanization played only a small role in Eisenach. The US Army arrived in Eisenach on 6 April 1945, but the Soviets took over control of the town on 1 July 1945, making it Communism's westernmost major town. Diese Statistik zeigt die Entwicklung der Gesamtbevölkerung in Eisenach (kreisfreie Stadt) für die Jahre 1995 bis 2019. During the last few years (2009–2012), the annual change was -0.12%. 1644: Deelung vun Eisenach tëscht Sachsen-Weimar a Sachsen-Gotha. (30. Most other large manufacturers in Eisenach serve as suppliers for Opel, the largest among them is Bosch. Beschaulich am Rande eines grünen Waldes. Zugriff nur auf Basis-Statistiken. The industrial revolution started relatively early in Eisenach. There are four public and one free sponsored Realschulen in Eisenach. Georgenkirche Note [ modificare | modificare sursă ] Long distance trails include the Werra trail, the Rennsteig trail and the Radweg Thüringer Städtekette ("Thuringian town string trail"). Differing from the national average, the biggest groups of migrants in Eisenach are Vietnamese, Russians and Ukrainians. In 1080, the castle was first mentioned in a Saxon chronicle. Eisenach is situated at the northern edge of the Thuringian Forest, at an elevation of about 220 m. The terrain is hilly, to the south also mountainous (up to 460 m of elevation), with the central Hörsel valley crossing the town in east-western direction. [4] In preparation for World War II, new barracks were established in Eisenach and the car industry started the production of military equipment. Regierungsbezirk Arnsberg kam es zu einem Rückgang der selben Zeitraum das Land verlieà en. Tourists also started to arrive in this period, drawn by the pleasing landscape and the various sights within the town. Um 1220 hatte Berlin schätzungsweise 1.200 Einwohner. Many Jews migrated from the Rhön area around Stadtlengsfeld to Eisenach after their emancipation in the early 19th century. After World War I, the town extended further to the north on the other bank of Hörsel river, where some new residential areas were developed before 1990. The net migration rate was +6.5 per 1,000 inhabitants in 2012 (Thuringian average: -0.8; national average: +4.6). Eisenach was an early capital of Thuringia in the 12th and 13th centuries. Annual precipitation is 831 millimeters (32.7 in) with moderate rainfall throughout the year. In August 1869, the leading socialists August Bebel and Wilhelm Liebknecht founded the SDAP, one of the two predecessors of today's SPD in Eisenach. After 1940, around 4,000 forced labourers (most of them from the Soviet Union) were pressed to work in the town's factories, where some of them died due to the bad working conditions. die Statistik jederzeit in Ihre Präsentation einzubinden. In 1817, the Wartburg Festival took place in Eisenach, a meeting of students advocating moves towards a more liberal, constitutional state and a unification of Germany. BMW runs a factory in the neighbouring municipality of Krauthausen that supplies car parts. Nevertheless, Eisenach remained an important industrial location. The German auto manufacturer Opel built an entirely new plant in the northwest of the town, after the Wartburg car plant had ceased production in 1991. The municipality of Eisenach includes beside the inner town the following rural districts (all of them were incorporated in 1994): The village of Fischbach was incorporated in 1922 and is a part of the inner town today. In 1596, Eisenach became a ducal residence again for the house of Saxe-Eisenach. Johann Sebastian Bach was born in Eisenach in 1685. The northern territory around the Neunkirchen, Stregda and Hötzelsroda districts is relatively flat and in agricultural use. Eisenach je mesto nachádzajúce sa v západnej časti spolkovej krajiny Durínsko.V roku 2005 malo 43 858 obyvateľov.Mesto sa nachádza na úpätí Durínskeho lesa. Car production is an important industry in Eisenach. Biking is getting more and more popular since the construction of quality cycle tracks began in the 1990s. In 1685, Johann Sebastian Bach was born here. Diese und weitere Features im Single-Account: Diese Funktion ist Teil unserer leistungsfähigen Unternehmenslösungen. However, 43% of the total municipal territory are in agricultural use, mostly as maize and rapeseed fields or as cattle pasture. The population development of Eisenach as well as related information and services (weather, Wikipedia, Google, images). Ort: Eisenach (Thüringen)Einwohnerzahl: 42.588 Einwohner*innen Eisenach, immer noch eine kleine Stadt irgendwo in Deutschland, irgendwo im grünen Herzen Deutschlands, wie sich Thüringen selbst nennt. Name Bundesland Population Census 2011-05-09 Population Estimate 2019-12-31 ; Eisenach: Thüringen: 51,100: Sie ist eine der sogenannten Lutherstädte. The Bundesstraße 19 leads to Meiningen in the south, the Bundesstraße 84 to Bad Langensalza in the north-east and to Fulda via Vacha in the south-west and the Bundesstraße 88 is a connection to Ilmenau in the south-east. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license; additional terms may apply. Between 1498 and 1501, the young Martin Luther attended the St. George's Latin school in Eisenach in preparation for his following studies at the University of Erfurt. Der offizielle Spatenstich heute (12. Eisenach abuts the districts of Wartburgkreis (municipalities Krauthausen, Mihla, Lauterbach, Bischofroda and Berka vor dem Hainich in the north, Hörselberg-Hainich and Wutha-Farnroda in the east and Marksuhl, Wolfsburg-Unkeroda and Gerstungen in the south) and Werra-Meißner-Kreis (Hesse, municipality of Herleshausen in the west). By 1800, the population rose to 8,000 and further to 10,000 as industrialisation started around 1850. It occurred after reunification for a short time in the 1990s, but most of the suburban areas are situated within the administrative town borders. Kindel Airfield, 12 km (7 mi) east of Eisenach, is a former Soviet military base, today used for private aviation. In the late 12th century, the Wartburg became the main residence of the Ludowingians, making Eisenach a leading place in today's western Thuringia and northern Hesse, which also belonged to the Ludowingian landgraviate. In the 14th century various crises followed: in 1342, a big fire destroyed nearly all the buildings and the Black Death killed many inhabitants in 1349 and 1393. 1220–1688. Der ideale Einstiegsaccount für Einzelpersonen, * Alle Preise verstehen sich zzgl. Die Frauen liegen bei der Einwohnerzahl aktuell vor den Männern. Anschließend können Sie über den Stern in der Kopfzeile ihre favorisierten Statistiken aufrufen. Eisenach este un oraș în Turingia, Germania cu o populație de 44.200 de locuitori . In 1221, St. Elizabeth married Landgrave Louis' IV and she lived in Eisenach or at Wartburg castle until 1228. These districts are among the most important examples of this urban type in Germany, and one of the largest in Europe. These also host some examples of interesting Gründerzeit architecture. Kundenspezifische Recherche- & Analyseprojekte: Ad-hoc Analysen durch unseren professionellen Rechercheservice: Branchenspezifische und aufwendig recherchierte Fachdaten (zum Teil aus exklusiven Partnerschaften).Für uneingeschränkten Zugriff benötigen Sie einen kostenpflichtigen Account. Eisenach: name:prefix: Stadt: population: 42250: population:date: 2019-12-31: ref:nuts:3: DEG0N: type: boundary: wikidata: Q7070: wikipedia: de:Eisenach Stadt Eisenach: 20 833: 21 417: 42 250: 2 124: 1 599: 3 723: 8,8: Eichsfeld: 50 219: 49 787: 100 006: 2 083: 1 577: 3 660: 3,7: Nordhausen: 41 394: 42 022: 83 416: 2 342: 1 504: 3 846: 4,6: Wartburgkreis: 59 573: 59 401: 118 974: 2 024: 1 740: 3 764: 3,2: Unstrut-Hainich-Kreis: 50 775: 51 457: 102 232: 2 227: 1 559: 3 786: 3,7: Kyffhäuserkreis: 36 865: 37 347: 74 212: 1 110: 887: 1 997: 2,7: Schmalkalden … The second enemy was moisture which led to decaying the ceiling paintings. Agriculture is not very important in Eisenach, because of the hilly terrain, the—compared to central Thuringia further east—less fertile soil and the relatively humid climate. In 1847, Eisenach was connected by the Thuringian Railway to Erfurt and Halle/Leipzig in the east and in 1849 to Kassel and Frankfurt in the west. Downtown traffic is concentrated on Rennbahn street, which often leads to congestion due to a large number of commuters and the town's narrow topography. Fakten im Direktzugriff. Eisenach 1944 - Stadtrundgang - Panzertruppen (Wehrmacht) - Duration: 3:30. Marburg is a university town in the German federal state of Hesse, capital of the Marburg-Biedenkopf district. Diese Statistik können Sie nur als Premium-Nutzer downloaden. Dez. Statista. Luther referred to Eisenach as ein Pfaffennest ("a clerical backwater"), since during his time there were 300 monks and nuns per 1,000 inhabitants.[3]:139. The industrial structure is relatively focused on car production. Der Wartburgkreis liegt im Westen von Thüringen. He was succeeded by fellow CDU member Gerhard Schneider from 2000 and 2006. During the early modern period, Eisenach was a residence of the Ernestine Wettins and was visited by numerous representatives of Weimar classicism like Johann Wolfgang Goethe. The construction boom between 1850 and 1914 led to a strict division in urban development. Eisenach is located on the Bundesautobahn 4 from Frankfurt in the west to Erfurt and Dresden in the east. An 8th century Frankish settlement near Petersberg hill is regarded as the nucleus of Eisenach. Einwohnerentwicklung von Eisenach, Thüringen; Datum: Einwohnerzahl: Einw. Furthermore, there is the Werra Railway, a former main-line railway between north and south Germany from Eisenach via Meiningen to Eisfeld, which since the division of Germany after World War II has served only for regional transport. September) ist das Startsignal für den Neubau der Verkehrsanlagen Tor zur Stadt sowie für die Arbeiten im unterirdischen Bauraum. According to legend, Louis the Springer began in 1067 to establish Wartburg castle above the settlement.[3]:139. Eisenach also provides services to the region (retail, hospitals, theatres, cinemas etc.). Münden, the second through the Thuringian Forest along its crest to the Saale river near Hof and the third follows near the medieval Via Regia from the Werra valley/Eisenach via Gotha, Erfurt and Weimar to Altenburg. [3]:148 Further sights are: The town of Eisenach developed during the Middle Ages at the exit of Mariental valley, opening to the Hörsel valley around Marktplatz, Karlsplatz and Frauenplan in a triangle structure. It declined to 48,000 in 1990, 44,000 in 2000 and 42,000 in 2012. The location near the border inhibited the further development during the next 40 years and the population declined through that period. The deteriorating condition of many historic houses led to a housing shortage during the 1970s. For further information, see: This page was last edited on 6 April 2021, at 01:10. The new synagogue was built in 1885 and destroyed by the Nazis during Kristallnacht in November 1938. Like in other eastern German cities, only a small share of Eisenach's population is foreign: circa 2.3% are non-Germans by citizenship and overall 4.9% are classified as "migrants" (according to the 2011 EU census). Anschließend können Sie Statistiken als Favoriten markieren und den personalisierten Statistik-Alarm nutzen. Eisenach's origin and early history is unknown. Als Premium Nutzer erhalten Sie Hintergrundinformationen und Angaben zur Veröffentlichung zu dieser Statistik. [3]:139 Nevertheless, the cultural life stayed unimpaired. The birth deficit was 240 in 2012, or -5.7 per 1,000 inhabitants (Thuringian average: -4.5; national average: -2.4). [2]:22–25 In 1869, the SDAP, one of the two precursors of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) was founded in Eisenach. The next major international airport is Frankfurt Airport, circa 200 km (124 mi) to the south-west. Kaupunki tunnetaan auto- ja varaosateollisuudesta. Gegenüber dem Vorjahr ist die Einwohnerzahl damit um 755 Personen angestiegen. In 1525, there was heavy fighting in the area during the Bauernkrieg. Eisenach currently has six state-run and one Protestant primary schools. Am 31.12.2018 konnten im Einwohnermelderegister der Landeshauptstadt Erfurt insgesamt 214.109 Personen mit Hauptwohnsitz gezählt werden, wovon 104.480 männlich und 109.629 weiblich sind. Eisenach and the eastern parts went to the Wettins (later becoming Thuringia) and Kassel, Marburg and the western parts went to Sophie (later becoming Hesse). The BMW car factory was socialized and under the new name EMW produced the Wartburg, the so-called "Mercedes of the East". The new plant opened in 1992. MeteoTrend: Ilm Eisenach täna, homme ja nädalal. Diese Statistik ist in diesem Account nicht enthalten. Der Südwesten des Wartburgkreises gehört zum Mittelgebirge der Rhön. Eisenach is a small town in Thuringia in southwestern Germany with about 40,000 inhabitants. Local trains, also once an hour, start in Eisenach to Halle via Erfurt, to Sonneberg via Meiningen and Eisfeld and to Bebra via Gerstungen. [3]:147 The Eisenach Program remained the party's main manifesto for the following years. [3]:147 North of the historic centre, next to the railway and Hörsel river, factories and worker quarters were established. The town's topography creates a microclimate with mostly adequate air circulation along the west-eastern valley which made Eisenach a resort at the end of the 19th century. Als Premium-Nutzer erhalten Sie detaillierte Quellenangaben zu dieser Statistik. In 1528, the Lutheran Reformation was implemented in Eisenach. Neu, Alles, was Sie über Branchenentwicklungen wissen müssen, Bedeutende wirtschaftliche und soziale Indikatoren, Finden Sie Studien aus dem gesamten Internet, Wichtige Unternehmenskennzahlen auf einen Blick. Eisenach has a humid continental climate (Dfb) or an oceanic climate (Cfb) according to the Köppen climate classification system. Die Feldabahn wurde im Jahr 2008 weitgehend abgebaut. Between the 1860s and 1938, Eisenach hosted one of the largest Jewish communities in Thuringia with nearly 500 members at the beginning of the 20th century. Mit seinen riesigen Buchenbeständen und dem Baumkronenpfad ist der Update, Einblicke in die wichtigsten Technologiemärkte weltweit, Advertising & Media Outlook Inside now, there is a display about German fraternity. Ort: Eisenach (Thüringen)Einwohnerzahl: 42.588 Einwohner*innen. The government fought this by demolishing some historic quarters (e.g. Eisenach ist die sechstgrößte Stadt Thüringens und liegt im Westen Thüringens. Die kreisfreie Stadt Eisenach ragt im Norden von Westen nach Osten in das Kreisgebiet. The biggest Plattenbau district was built at the northern periphery of Eisenach between 1978 and 1985 with nearly 4,000 housing units. The Hainich mountains begin 10 km (6 mi) north-east of Eisenach. BMW:llä ja Boschilla on kaupungissa tehtaat, ja Opel on tullut Wartburgin tehtaan tilalle.. Kaupungin tunnetuin nähtävyys on Wartburgin linna. Täpne ja üksikasjalik ilmaprognoos Eisenach . The local authorities took care of that and by 2006 everything was fixed. Beschaulich am Rande eines grünen Waldes. Chart. Martin Luther und die Wartburg, ach ja Eisenach hat viel zu bieten. Diese Statistik kann unter dem im Herkunftsverweis angegebenen Link aufgerufen werden. weibl. Eisenach - Übersicht Kommunen - Wegweiser Kommun ; Eisenach (Stadtkreis, Thüringen, Deutschland ; Eisenach: Einwohner-Statistik - Deutschland12 ; 1. Learn how and when to remove this template message, railway bridge between Duisburg and Rheinhausen, List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany, Freight transport is important at Eisenach's Opel factory which has its own terminal. Eisenach is situated on the Hörsel river, a tributary of the Werra between the Thuringian Forest in the south, the Hainich mountains in the north-east and the East Hesse Highlands in the north-west. Wir sind wieder ein großes Stück auf dem Weg zum Fachmarktzentrum, Hotel und zur Mehrzweckhalle voran gekommen, sagte Eisenachs Baubürgermeister Dr. Uwe Möller. Der westliche Thü… Vuonna 2011 siellä oli noin 41 700 asukasta. In 1207, the legendary Sängerkrieg supposedly took place at Wartburg castle.