These results have important implications for political representation and voters–elite linkages. This is true even of many ruling parties that have been coded as leading single-party regimes. Comparative analyses of party policy diffusion are only just emerging. Nevertheless, recent empirical analyses argue that constitutional amendment rules do not matter at all. In contrast, the authors argue that many local party leaders – especially Republicans – may not believe that centrists perform better in elections and therefore may not support nominating them. It also uses a measure of debate influence, based on the degree to which words used by one legislator are adopted by other members, to show that female ministers also increase the influence of female backbenchers. Through a series of controlled, randomized experiments, this study exposed respondents (n = 2,028) to television news reports depicting cyber and conventional terror attacks against critical infrastructures in the United States, United Kingdom and Israel. Published online by Cambridge University Press. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply. Issues per year n/a Articles published last year n/a Manuscripts received last year n/a Parties succeed when they have authoritarian legacies that easily translate to democratic competition, such as broad programmatic experience, strong organization and policy success. First, the study shows that, on average, austerity packages hurt incumbent parties in opinion polls. Japan’, American Political Science Review, 87 (1993), 577–89). Using fine-grained geographic data on ethnic demographics, the study finds support for the argument's implications in the local incidence of infant mortality. Hans Baerwald,Party Politics in Japan (Winchester, However, it is not known whether this distinction is as clear-cut from a citizen's perspective. This article provides an overview of the literature on the relationship between terrorism and migration. Such policies can be justified, and challenged, on many different grounds; public debate is not conducted in terms adequate to the task. Finally, the framing of the issue during the campaign significantly affects moral versus pragmatic justifications. These results imply that elected officials enjoy less leeway for their actions than existing work allows, and highlight important tensions concerning the relationship between elite behavior and accountability processes. Power consolidation by an insecure leader often provokes violent opposition. Instead, one ﬁnds a * Department of Political Science, Boston University (email: firstname.lastname@example.org). First, an experiment showed that observing a guilty verdict decreased support among ‘assimilationists’ who oppose the multicultural society. British Journal of Political Science. The analysis shows that principled justifications are not tied to particular issues. You are leaving Cambridge Core and will be taken to this journal's article submission site. We then illustrate the promise of our recommendations with three theoretically informed experiments inspired by historical debates about religious conversion. It further demonstrates that this occurs even when the counter-explanation comes from a partisan source with low credibility. This article demonstrates that strong ruling parties are much rarer than is typically assumed. These findings suggest a political logic behind these reforms based on the preferences and power of political parties and politicians. However, because military aid strengthens the security forces of the recipient state, it generates a moral hazard that encourages exclusionary power consolidation, with the expectation that continued military aid will help manage violent blowback. This article bridges the gap by using recent developments in political theory to enrich empirical research and extend the study of tolerance to contexts beyond liberal democracies, such as authoritarian regimes. Description: The British Journal of Political Science is a broadly based journal aiming to cover developments across a wide range of countries and specialisms. This paper examines the relationship between the coming of the railroads, the expansion of primary education, and the introduction of national school curricula. Our results suggest a marked ‘convert effect’ across not only contemporary religious but also secular political divides, with the same difference in terms of content viewed as less tolerable when resulting from conversion than when given or ascribed. This deterioration of support was found among the entire group of assimilationists, regardless of whether they voted for Wilders. Autocrats use repression to deter opposition. Yet while state repression has created anti-regime attitudes, it has decreased citizens’ contentious behavior. television, radio, and newspapers), but recent years have witnessed a rapid expansion in the number of studies examining the effect of internet usage on political Furthermore, high levels of state control correlate with subtle strategies of manipulation, including media bias and restrictions on domestic monitors – strategies that are also positively associated with large victories. As a result, it is not clear how often ruling parties are actually strong and capable of carrying out important functions. Contributions are drawn from all fields of political science (including political theory, political behaviour, public … : British journal of political science. This article argues that local ethnic demography determines whether governments provide non-excludable public goods or more narrowly targeted handouts. It exploits a refugee placement program in place in Sweden during the late 1980s and early 1990s that restricted refugees' opportunities to freely choose their place of residence. This article revisits this question by studying the popularity of governments during the economic crisis. Does enhanced descriptive representation lead to substantive representation? To send this article to your account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. Note: the response variables are indicators of political interest, interest in the election outcome and political knowledge. Using time-series analysis, this permits the careful tracking of the impact of austerity packages over time. This article presents a normative framework for the assessment of education policies and applies it to the issue of schools’ selecting their students on the basis of religious criteria. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches". Extending the analysis to a comparison of geographic in- and out-groups between local communities and London lends additional support to the argument. Despite a growing interest in British Political Development and the institutional changes of nineteenth-century UK politics, the academic literature has remained largely silent on this topic. 4 Magleby (1984), p. 198, quoted in Matsusaka 2005. These defeats highlight a prominent puzzle in the study of party competition and voting behavior; the empty center phenomenon. Are they successful in the long run? What effect does this have on democratic survival? Yet, recent studies have argued that Western citizens are turning their backs on the system of self-governance, thereby eroding the societal foundations of consolidated democracies. This article argues that portfolio design is a substantively and theoretically relevant phenomenon that has major implications for the study of institutional design and coalition politics. British Journal of Political Science Volume 42 Editors: Shaun Bowler, Robert E. Goodin, Kristian Skrede Gleditsch and Hugh Ward Editorial Board James Alt Anthony King Anthony Bertelli Charles King Sarah Birch Desmond King Archie Brown Stein Kuhnle Journal of Common Market Studies, 33 (1995), 526–51; Liesbet Hooghe and Gary Marks, ‘The Making of a Polity: The Struggle over European Integration’ in Herbert Kitschelt, Peter Lange, Gary Marks and John Stephens, eds, Continuity and Change in Contemporary Capitalism (Cambridge: To send this article to your account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. Whereas extant theories emphasize radical reinvention and outsider struggle, the author argues that success is instead about maintaining ruling-party advantages into the democratic period. Models 1, 3 and 5 include respondent fixed effects, while Models 2, 4 and 6 include municipality fixed effects and a set of individual-level controls (gender, age, income and education level). Close this message to accept cookies or find out how to manage your cookie settings. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. This case therefore demonstrates that hate speech prosecution can damage the democratic system it is intended to defend. To explore the mechanisms behind these results, the author introduces a new metric of ministerial responsiveness and shows that female ministers are significantly more responsive than their male counterparts to the speeches of female backbenchers. Holding elected officials accountable for their behavior in office is a foundational task facing citizens. Using fine-grained data on local education outcomes in Sweden in the nineteenth century, the paper tests the idea that the development of the railroad network enabled national school inspectors to monitor remote schools more effectively. BRITISH JOURNAL OF POLITICAL SCIENCE Volume 2 Part 3 July 1973 ARTICLES ROBERT D. PUTNAM The Political Attitudes of Senior Civil Servants in Western Europe: Pre-liminary Report ANTHONY KING Ideas, Institutions and the Politics of Governments: Comparative Analysis: … on various measures of political sophistication and civic engagement, such as voter turnout,8 3 Altman 2010; Qvortrup 2014; Schiller 2011. Three competing explanations have emerged in studies of the US Congress, focusing on efficiency, partisan forces and non-partisan (or: ideology-based) accounts. An additional problem arises because Japanese electoral politics is heavily person- or candidate-centred (cf. It distinguishes between pragmatic (or consequentialist) arguments and principled (or value-based) arguments. It discusses whether and how (1) migration may be a cause of terrorism, (2) terrorism may influence natives' attitudes towards immigration and their electoral preferences and (3) terrorism may lead to more restrictive migration policies and how these in turn may serve as effective counter-terrorism tools. All issues of British Journal of Political Science - Cristina Bodea, Paul Bou-Habib, Shaun Bowler, Tobias Böhmelt, Robert Johns, Lucas Leemann, René Lindstädt, Petra Schleiter. The research demonstrates the benefits of greater dialogue across political theory and political science, while shedding light on a central question of tolerance today.