Mohandas Gandhi (October 2, 1869–January 30, 1948) was the father of the Indian independence movement. The inspiring life of Mahatma Gandhi came to an end on 30th January 1948, when he was shot by a fanatic, Nathuram Godse, at point-blank range. By 1914, when Gandhi left South Africa and returned to India, he was known as a holy man: people called him a "Mahatma", or "great soul." In his youth he learned the religions of Hinduism and Jainism. In spite of his best efforts, the Direct Action Day marked the worst communal riots that British India had seen and set off a series of riots elsewhere in the country. He was called against his will by the poet Rabindranath Tagore, “Mahatma” which means Great Soul. He was assassinated in 1948, shortly after achieving his life goal of Indian independence. He launched many campaigns to change the status of untouchables. Gandhi Timeline Information. There he studied law and jurisprudence with the intention of becoming a barrister. The Nobel Committee publicly declared its regret for the omission decades later. “When I despair, I remember that all through history the ways of truth and love have always won. I am not saying the british empire was a good thing. This experience was a pivotal moment for Gandhi and he began to represent other Indias who experienced discrimination. When the Muslim League called for the Direct Action Day on 16 August 1946, it led to widespread riot and manslaughter between Hindus and Muslims in the city of Calcutta. He completed his studies successfully and was called to the bar in June 1891. Apple co-founder Steve Jobs was a fan of Mahatma Gandhi and wore circular glasses as a tribute to the great man. In 1931, Gandhi was invited to London to begin talks with the British government on greater self-government for India, but remaining a British colony. Mahatma Gandhi is a universal leader of peace, love, justice, equality and human freedom. Several members of his family worked for the government of the state. The non co-operation movement gained widespread mass appeal all over India which greatly agitated the British. In particular, he inveighed against the ‘untouchable’ caste, who were treated abysmally by society. He sought to worship God and promote religious understanding. He became involved with the vegetarian movement and met members of the Theosophical Society who kindled his interest in religion. “When every hope is gone, ‘when helpers fail and comforts flee,’ I find that help arrives somehow, from I know not where. He passed the matriculation examination of the University of Bombay in 1887 and enrolled at the Samaldas College in Bhavnagar. This place (Porbandar) is a coastal city in the state of Gujarat in western India. Dear very nice information Gandhi ji always inspired us thanks a lot. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Upon his return to India he became active in the Indian Independence Movement, ultimately leading his motherland to independence from the British rule. His father, Karamchand Gandhi, was a noble and pious man. He became the leader of the Indian nationalist movement campaigning for home rule or Swaraj. How can one say he wasn’t a good lawyer or he wasn’t a good leader when he had such a following and he was part of the negotiations thar brought about Indian Independance? The march resulted in the arrest of nearly 60,000 people, including Gandhi himself. One Hindu nationalist, who blamed Gandhi for much of the violence, assassinated him a … He then returned to India. To which Gandhi replied, Gandhi wore a traditional Indian dress, even whilst visiting the king., Top NBA Players With No Championship Rings, Celebrities Who Look Beautiful Even Without Makeup, The Hottest Male Celebrities With The Best Abs. There he witnessed rampant acts of racism and discrimination which angered him greatly. He was given the title of “Mahatma“, which implies “Great Soul“. He employed non-violent principles and peaceful disobedience as a means to achieve his goal. This broke the heart of many Indians committed to independence. Place in history. “There is more to life than simply increasing its speed.” – Mahatma Gandhi. The years spent in South Africa proved to be a profound spiritual and political experience for Gandhi. He called for all the Indians to unite as one irrespective of the divisions of religion, caste and creed in the country’s fight for independence. Many hundreds were arrested and Indian jails were full of Indian independence followers. After the war, Britain indicated that they would give India independence. Introduction Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, a coastal town in present-day Gujarat, India. Gandhi was arrested, tried for sedition, and imprisoned for two years (1922-24). Biography of Mahatma Gandhi : 1869-1948 1. In 1887 … Hindus – Famous Hindus from the era of the Mahabharata to modern day India. – Gandhi – after holding up a cup of salt at the end of the salt march. The controversial book Gandhi: Behind the Mask of Divinity, … Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi, was a Hindu thinker, lawyer, and politician, born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India. Even Gandhi’s fasts and appeals were insufficient to prevent the wave of sectarian violence and killing that followed the partition. He felt that by doing his patriotic duty it would make the government more amenable to demands for fair treatment. When independence was finally achieved on 15 August 1947, it also saw the formation of the two new dominions of India and Pakistan following the Partition of India in which more than half a million lost their lives and 14 million Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims were displaced. Gandhi was deeply troubled by the thought of partition and personally tried his best to unite Indians belonging to different religions and communities. Supplication, worship, prayer are no superstition; they are acts more real than the acts of eating, drinking, sitting or walking. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi, was a Hindu thinker, lawyer, and politician, born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India. Gandhi believed that walking is the best exercise and walked around 18 km every day, for 40 years! He remained committed to the Bible and Bhagavad Gita throughout his life, though he was critical of aspects of both religions. 39. Gandhi returned to India in 1915. “With this I’m shaking the foundations of the British Empire.”. Best remembered for his employment of nonviolent means of civil disobedience, he led Indians in the Dandi Salt March to protest against the British-imposed salt tax and launched the Quit India Movement, a mass protest demanding "an orderly British withdrawal" from India. However, at the summit, the British also invited other leaders of India, such as BR Ambedkar and representatives of the Sikhs and Muslims. While fighting discrimination in South Africa, Gandhi developed satyagraha, a nonviolent way of protesting injustice. Fasting was a weapon used by Gandhi as part of his philosophy of Ahinsa (non-violence) as well as satyagraha.. Fasts He was criticized for his strict refusal to support Britain in World War II, as some felt that it was unethical to not support Britain in its struggle against Nazi Germany. He stood out in his time in history. People who changed the world – Famous people who changed the course of history including Socrates, Newton, Jesus Christ, Muhammad, Queen Victoria, Catherine the Great, Einstein and Gandhi. The British did not respond and thus the Indian National Congress decided to declare the independence of India—the Purna Swaraj. In 1930, Gandhi led a famous march to the sea in protest at the new Salt Acts. Although the dominant personality of Indian independence, he could not always speak for the entire nation. At his prayer meetings, Muslim prayers were read out alongside Hindu and Christian prayers. He was joined by thousands of followers in this symbolic act of defiance against British rule. Gandhi led India to independence from the British Raj without using violence. Non violence as he practised it was part of his spiritual learning usedvas a political tool. Mahatma Gandhi Life introduction (Mahatma Gandhi Biography) Birth, place of birth and early life. As a lawyer he was in high demand and soon he became the unofficial leader for Indians in South Africa. Returning to his birthplace of India, Gandhi spent his remaining years working to end British rule of his country and to better the lives of India's poorest classes. Better known as Mahatma Gandhi, he not only led India to independence from British rule but also inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world in several other countries. In the last years of the quest for independence, there were significant incidents of riots and violence between the Hindus and Muslims that resulted in many deaths during the partition into India and Pakistan. His mother was illiterate, but her common sense and religious devotion had a lasting impact on Gandhi’s character. Quote Of The Day | Top 100 Quotes, See the events in life of Mahatma Gandhi in Chronological Order. Mahatma Gandhi. He was killed on January 30, 1948, known mainly for vindicating and leading India’s independence through non-violent methods. Indian men and women involved in the Independence Movement. During that time, the British’s Salt Laws which prohibited Indians from collecting and selling salt and forced them to pay for heavily taxed British salt were in place. It was one of the many residences (1917-30) of Mahatma Gandhi, located at Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. While the Indian National Congress and Gandhi called for the British to quit India, the Muslim League passed a resolution for them to divide and quit. Profile of Mahatma Gandhi Early Life: Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869, in Porbandar, India. He was assassinated on 30 January 1948 by Nathuram Vinayak Godse, a militant Hindu nationalist activist who shot three bullets into Gandhi’s chest at point-blank range at the Birla House (now Gandhi Smriti) in New Delhi. During his years at school, Gandhi was considered an average student. He advocated non co-operation with British rule, which included a boycott of British goods in favor of Indian made products. Mohandas Gandhi had gained a reputation as a fearless civil rights activist while In South Africa. Ideologically Gandhi was opposed to partition. Gandhi was opposed to the concept of partition as it contradicted his vision of religious unity. – Mahatma Gandhi. “Relationships are based on four principles: respect, understanding, acceptance and appreciation.” – Mahatma Gandhi. As a young man he went to England to study law and later started working in South Africa. Rabindranath Tagore, a great Indian polymath, accorded the title of “Mahatma” (meaning “high-souled" or “venerable" in Sanskrit), to Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. In the late 1920s the British government appointed a new constitutional reform commission under Sir John Simon but did not include any Indian as its member. As a youngster, Mohandas was a good student, but the shy young boy displayed no signs of leadership. In 1888, he received the opportunity to study law at the Inner Temple in London. He sought inspiration from many different religions: Jainism, Islam, Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism and incorporated them into his own philosophy. On the death of his father, Mohandas travelled to England to gain a degree in law. During his three month stay, he declined the government’s offer of a free hotel room, preferring to stay with the poor in the East End of London. Early Life and Education. Mahatma Gandhi Biography. He became involved with the Vegetarian Society and was once asked to translate the Hindu Bhagavad Gita. He continued playing an active role in the independence movement post his release. “In the attitude of silence the soul finds the path in a clearer light, and what is elusive and deceptive resolves itself into crystal clearness. Nonviolence is one of Jainism’s main ideas. These incidents angered him and kindled in him the spirit to fight for social justice. His father, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi (1822–1885), served as the diwan (chief minister) of Porbandar state. – Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhi felt that personal example could influence public opinion. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi wed Kasturbai Makhanji Kapadia in an arranged marriage in May 1883. The nationalist movement had gained much momentum by the time the World War II broke out in 1939. In 1893, South Africa had to leave to prosecute Dada Abdula's company. In … Includes Sri Krishna, Arjuna, Mahatma Gandhi, Swami Vivekananda and Sri Anandamayi Ma. He was a mediocre student in school though he occasionally won prizes and scholarships. Check out this brief chronology of Mahatma Gandhiji's life … Mahatma Gandhi was a prominent Indian political leader who was a leading figure in the campaign for Indian independence. After 5 days, the leaders agreed to stop killing. He is called the “Father of the Indian Nation”. The good man is the friend of all living things. Even though the movement received massive support, he also faced criticism from both pro-British and anti-British political groups. It led to radicals like Bhagat Singh carrying on the campaign for independence, which was particularly strong in Bengal. He is the icon of Indian Freedom. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India. In the sea, they made their own salt, in violation of British regulations. Nathuram was a Hindu radical, who held Gandhi responsible for weakening India by ensuring the partition payment to Pakistan. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi or The Father of the Nation in India, undertook 18 fasts during India's freedom movement.His longest fasts lasted 21 days. Even though his original job contract with Dada Abdulla & Co. was just for one year, he extended his stay in the country in order to fight for the rights of people of Indian descent. Mahatma Gandhi was nominated for the Nobel Peace prize five times and the committee regrets not giving him the prize to this day. The clothes he wore when he was shot are still preserved in Gandhi Museum, Madurai. Gandhi said his great aim in life was to have a vision of God. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 to a Hindu Modh Baniya family in Porbandar, then part of Kathiawar Agency, in British Indian Empire. He refused both the times. Gandhi was appalled by the discrimination he experienced as an Indian immigrant in South Africa. Great Britain—the very country he fought against in India’s quest for independence—released a stamp in his honor in 1969. Also, despite his mediocre success and influence as you mentioned, would you agree the outcome of his accomplishments are clearly a demonstration he actually was relevant to law, religion and politics? It is no exaggeration to say that they alone are real, all else is unreal.”, – Gandhi Autobiography – The Story of My Experiments with Truth. Early Life Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, at Porbandar, in the present-day Indian state of Gujarat. Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat, India. As such, he came to be considered the father of his country. He worked vigorously to show that Muslims and Hindus could live together peacefully. This included national strikes for one or two days. On 31 December 1929, the flag of India was unfurled at the Lahore session of the Indian National Congress and the independence of India was declared. Despite being imprisoned for short periods of time, he also supported the British under certain conditions. The Death Of William Francis Doherty. Gandhi was astute enough to seize the opportunity and used non violence as a tool which had no teeth but caused sufficient concern for the British to negotiate and hand over territories which they had milked dry. Gandhi was at the Battle of Spion serving as a medic. Paperback $17.42 $ 17. The most important events in the life of Mahatma Gandhi centered around his fight for India's independence. He employed non-violent principles and peaceful disobedience as a means to achieve his goal. His father Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi worked as the diwan (chief minister) of Porbandar state. When Mahatma Gandhi was in South Africa, he also faced injustice and atrocities. An interesting historical anecdote, is that at this battle was also Winston Churchill and Louis Botha (future head of South Africa) He was decorated by the British for his efforts during the Boer War and Zulu rebellion. He was a strict adherent to the principle of non-violence and believed that non-violent civil disobedience measures were the best means to protest against the British rule. Mohandas had two elder half-sisters and three elder siblings. I just dipped into this ti find out about the salt march.:). 42. This led to his arrest and imprisonment along with over 60,000 of his followers. The marriage produced five children of whom four survived to adulthood. ‘Time’ magazine named Gandhi the Man of the Year in 1930. He was imprisoned for two years and released before the end of the war in May 1944. In 1930, in perhaps his most important show of disobedience, he walked 200 miles to the sea to get salt as a symbolic act of rebellion against Great Britain's monopoly on salt. The Chief Minister of Travancore, a princely state of India, described Gandhi as a sex maniac. Distraught, Gandhi personally visited the most riot-prone areas and tried to stop the massacres. While in South Africa, Gandhi promoted football in his non-violent campaigns and helped establish three football clubs in Durban, Pretoria and Johannesburg. Gandhi was a prolific writer and penned several books including the autobiographies ‘The Story of My Experiments with Truth’, ‘Satyagraha in South Africa’, and ‘Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule’. Gandhi was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize five times between 1937 and 1948 though he was never awarded the prize. Gopal Krishna Gokhale, a senior leader of the Indian National Congress, asked Gandhi to return to India and join the others in India’s struggle for freedom. Gandhi also encouraged his followers to practise inner discipline to get ready for independence. At the age of 13 years, Gandhi’s marriage was held, his bride, Kasturba, being the same age and chosen by his parents. While in England he was once again drawn towards his childhood values which he had renounced as a teenager. He rose to prominence by chance. Within hours of his powerful speech, Gandhi and the entire Congress Working Committee were arrested by the British. His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi and his mother’s name was Putlibai. In 1869, Mahatma Gandhi was born in India into a wealthy family. In India, he is known as ‘Father of the Nation’. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 into an Gujarati Modh Bania family of the Vaishya varna in Porbandar (also known as Sudamapuri), a coastal town on the Kathiawar Peninsula and then part of the small princely state of Porbandar in the Kathiawar Agency of the Indian Empire. 4.4 out of 5 stars 524. Indian nationalist leader Gandhi (born Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi) was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Kathiawar, … Although his campaigns were met with much resistance, they did go a long way to changing century-old prejudices. He was assassinated in 1948, shortly after achieving his life goal of Indian independence. Mahatma Gandhiji was a true freedom fighter.. We have included 5 Best Parts of Gandhiji's Life. During this trip, he visited King George in Buckingham Palace, one apocryphal story which illustrates Gandhi’s wit was the question by the king – what do you think of Western civilisation? Gandhi suggested that the Congress and Muslim League co-operate and attain independence under a provisional government, and decide about the question of partition later on. Gandhi said the Indians had to prove they were deserving of independence. This is in contrast to independence leaders such as Aurobindo Ghose, who argued that Indian independence was not about whether India would offer better or worse government, but that it was the right for India to have self-government. He also called for the boycott of British educational institutions and prompted Indians to resign from government employment. His mother, P… Live life to the fullest. The Essential Gandhi: An Anthology of His Writings on His Life, Work, and Ideas at Amazon, Gandhi: An Autobiography – The Story of My Experiments With Truth at Amazon, Interesting and unusual facts about Mahatma Gandhi. His … Gandhi was responsible for the Civil Rights movement in 12 countries across four continents. Mahatma Gandhi was a prominent Indian political leader who was a leading figure in the campaign for Indian independence. He spent over two decades in South Africa over the period of which he developed a strong sense of social justice, and led several social campaigns. Away from the politics of Indian independence, Gandhi was harshly critical of the Hindu Caste system. Introduction: Gandhiji was one of thegreatest Indian of all time. Around this time, he also studied the Bible and was struck by the teachings of Jesus Christ – especially the emphasis on humility and forgiveness. People also call him “Bapu” affectionately. It led Winston Churchill to make the disparaging remark about the half naked fakir. His father Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi worked as the diwan (chief minister) of Porbandar state. Thus he left the Samaldas College and sailed to England in August. Except for a tiny minority of Christian missionaries and radical socialists, the British tended to see him at best as a utopian visionary and at worst as a cunning hypocrite whose professions of friendship for the British race were a mask for subversion of the British raj. The following essays on topic Mahatma Gandhi, his life, role, importance, struggles, life Principles with detailed explanation, are essential and helpful for students Mr. Karamchand was the chief Dewan of the State of Rajkot. However, with the support of the Muslims led by Jinnah, the British planned to partition India into two: India and Pakistan. He corresponded with a lot of prominent personalities of his time including Leo Tolstoy, Einstein and Hitler. Gandhi’s sex life has been a controversial topic, even during his lifetime. Gandhi forged India's independence from British rule in 1947 by staging massive peaceful demonstrations against poverty and the fight for women's rights and religious tolerance. Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 at the house of Karamchand Gandhi in Porbandar, Gujarat. This classic of Hindu literature awakened in Gandhi a sense of pride in the Indian scriptures, of which the Gita was the pearl. Gandhi frequently called off strikes and non-violent protest if he heard people were rioting or violence was involved. The British were unable to control the tidal wave of independence in all the countries they ruled at that time. At this point, he was still loyal to the British Empire, but when the British cracked down on Indian civil liberties after World War I, Gandhi began to organize nonviolent protests. He, along with all the other colored people were subjected to rampant discrimination. His success and influence was mediocre in law religion and politics. Gandhi launched the Salt March, a non-violent protest against the British-imposed tax on salt in March 1930. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 to a Hindu Modh Baniya family in Porbandar, then part of Kathiawar Agency, in British Indian Empire. By being “astute enough to seize the opportunity” and not being pushed down/ defeated by an Empire, would you agree this is actually the reason why Gandhi made a good impression as a leader? Gandhi once said he if did not have a sense of humour he would have committed suicide along time ago. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Early life:The birth of Mahatma Gandhi took place on 2nd day of October in 1869 at Porbandar (Gujarat). If you are searching for the best and short biography of Mahatma Gandhi then this blog is for you. MMAAHHAATTMMAA GGAANNDDHHII 1869-1948 2. Gandhi's Early Life. He was neither a good lawyer or a leader circumstances conspired at a time in history for him to stand out as an astute leader both in South Africa and in India. However as he grew up, he developed a rebellious streak and defied many of his family norms. But ten days later Gandhi was shot dead by a Hindu Brahmin opposed to Gandhi’s support for Muslims and the untouchables. His mother was an extremely religious lady who had a great influence on the young Mohandas. He joined the Indian National Congress and by 1920 established himself as a dominant figure in the Indian political scenario. Once he was asked to move from the first-class in a train in spite of having a valid ticket solely on the basis of his color, and another time he was asked to remove his turban. Last updated 1 Feb 2020. His parents arranged for him to be married at the young age of 13. His mother Putlibai was Karamchand’s fourth wife. When Gandhi was 18 years old, he went to study law in England. Think of it–always.”. He organized the " National Indian Congress" in 1894 by mobilizing the Indian people to counteract them. He spoke English with an Irish accent, for one of his first teachers was an Irishman. His family belonged to the Vaishya (merchant) class of Hindus and the young Gandhi received a fairly orthodox, upbringing. There he witnessed situations he had no idea about previously. He spent over 20 years in the country during which he helped found the Natal Indian Congress which aimed at molding the Indian community of South Africa into a unified political force. 12th Jan 2011. Gandhi went from city to city, village to village collecting funds for the Charkha Sangh. During the talks, Gandhi opposed the British suggestions of dividing India along communal lines as he felt this would divide a nation which was ethnically mixed. Born into a religious family in British India, he was raised by parents who emphasized on religious tolerance, simplicity and strong moral values. They want themselves powerful to compete with the British and for this they think of carnivores.They steal money from home and steal it and eat meat, but lies and shame make them feel … 1-16 of 234 results for "mahatma gandhi biography" The Story of My Experiments with Truth: Mahatma Gandhi's Autobiography with a Foreword by the Gandhi Research Foundation. Tags: short biography of mahatma Gandhi, early life of Mahatma Gandhi, Gandhiji in South Africa, who killed Gandhiji, freedom movements started by Mahatma Gandhi.. In India, he is known as ‘Father of the Nation’. After 21 years in South Africa, Gandhi returned to India in 1915. He was also a social activist who campaigned for women’s rights, religious tolerance, and reduction of poverty. mahatma gandhi was a good person but he wasn’t all good because when he freed the indian empire the partition grew between the muslims and they fought .this didn’t happen much when the british empire was in control because muslims and hindus had a common enemy to unite against. It’s the quality of your life that matters not the speed with which you live. His civil disobedience movement which inspired thousands across the globe was itself inspired by a Briton, Henry Stephens Salt, who introduced Gandhi to the works of Henry David Thoreau which had a profound impact on his thinking. Mahatma Gandhi, byname of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, (born October 2, 1869, Porbandar, India—died January 30, 1948, Delhi), Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British rule of India. Early life. by Mohandas K. Gandhi and Mahadev Desai | Oct 1, 2016. He gave a speech launching the movement on August 8, 1942, calling for determined, but passive resistance. On several occasions, he used religious practices and fasting as part of his political approach. In the midst of the war, Gandhi launched another civil disobedience campaign, the Quit India Movement, demanding "an orderly British withdrawal" from India. The Congress called on to the citizens to pledge themselves to civil disobedience until India attained complete independence. His original name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. 38. The Quit India Movement became the most forceful movement in the history of the Indian independence struggle and is believed to have played a major role in securing the independence of India in 1947. In the mind of Gandhi, there is a worry against the White Rule from childhood. “Biography of Mahatma Gandhi”, Oxford, UK.