That happens when the venom destroys nearby muscles, tissues and cells. The United States has about 21 species of venomous snakes, which include 16 species of rattlesnakes, two species of coral snakes, 1 species of cottonmouth, and two species of copperhead. An elderly Tasmanian farmer … Most fatal bites are attributed to the eastern diamondback rattlesnake and the western diamondback rattlesnake. Medical help was summoned immediately but took 45 minutes to arrive. As with the eels that the snakes prey on, the paralysis of any muscles involved in breathing or swallowing may be fatal. Rattlesnake bites are venomous. She was picking beans in her garden when she was bitten. But they also live in Australia and North America. The venom produced by the snake's ancient ancestor was relatively simple. ", "Tennessee man dies from poisonous copperhead snake bite", "Updated: Official cause of death determined in snake bite case", "La Jolla man dies from rattlesnake bite", "Girl dies after snake bite near Possum Kingdom Lake", "Deadly Rattlesnake Bite Leads to 179 Illegal Snakes", "Snakebite Deaths Still Rare but are Mounting", "Southeastern Outdoors – Fatal Coral Snake Bites", "Snake bite is deadly for Putnam fire official", "July 29, 2005 - Search for missing woman in Hays County", "Missing woman found dead, bitten by snake", "Deadly snakes removed from victim's home", "NORCO: Snakebite called unusual, George Watson, Paige Watson, Press Enterprise, 23 May 2003, "Zoo volunteer killed by deadly snake bite", "Snake Kills Worshiper Three Years After One Killed His Wife", "Knox man dies from snake bite during religious ceremony in Bell", "Man Takes Bible Verse Literally, Gets Fatal Snake Bite in Church", "Worshipers Faith Led to Fatal Snake Bite", "State Police Probe Death of Snake-bit Preacher", "Maryland Snake Collector Dies After Being Bitten by Indian Cobra", "22-year-old snake handler has died in the first...", "Hidden History: Snake bite kills man in Bergen swamp, 1973", "Snakebite Fatal to Teacher After Wrong Diagnosis", "Rattlesnake Strike Fatal to State Snakebite Expert", "He documented his own death by snakebite instead of going to the hospital", "Rattler's Bite Fatal to Girl 15 Months Old", "First Death from Snake Bite in Ross County Since Records Of Mortality Has Been Kept in This County", "Little Girl is Mortally Bitten by a Rattlesnake", "Fannin Co. TX Pettigrew Cemetery N. of Windom", "Timber Rattlesnake: Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program", Southeastern Outdoors – Fatal Rattlesnake Bites, Venomous Snakebites in the United States: Management Review and Update from American Family Physician website, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_fatal_snake_bites_in_the_United_States&oldid=1009219502, Deaths due to animal attacks in the United States, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from March 2013, Articles with dead external links from August 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Hohs was bitten on the ankle while hiking near, Brock was bitten during a religious service at a Pentecostal Church in, Davis was sitting by a fire at his family's camp in, Thompson was found unresponsive in his car in a Lowe's store parking lot in, De Leon was bitten on each leg while wading in the James River near. After a bite, victims should not move the affected limb unless they have to, keep their heart rate as low as possible until they reach hospital and receive the appropriate anti-venom treatment, ideally as quickly as possible. ... Rattlesnakes come in many... Cottonmouths/Water Moccasins. Norris R (2004). He survived in intensive care for 42 days before succumbing to the effects. The risk of death by snakebite is highest in developing regions. A sign to warn tourists of the presence of rattlesnakes in the area. Snake bites remain rare in the United States, but they do happen and they can be fatal depending on the species, and so you want to be on the lookout. Snake venom is deadly, with as many as 100,000 people worldwide dying each year from snake bites. She died the next day. We might … The coroner's office listed the cause of death as a heart attack, with the snake bite as a contributing factor. Snakes, including the highly-venomous tiger, have claimed three Tasmanian lives since 1948. Snake venoms can be classified as hemotoxic (attacking tissue and blood) and neurotoxic (damaging or destroying nerve tissue). Fatal snakebites are more common in dogs than in other domestic animals. Fatal snake bites in Australia: facts, stats and stories The Brown snake, caused 23 of the 35 deaths recorded between 2000 and 2016. So now the race is on to make another one. List of fatal bear attacks in North America, List of fatal cougar attacks in North America, List of fatal shark attacks in the United States, List of fatal alligator attacks in the United States, "Venomous Snakes of the United States by State", "Smith Lake snake bite victim dies at Huntsville Hospital", https://www.al.com/news/birmingham/2019/05/alabama-man-dies-3-days-after-copperhead-snake-bite-at-smith-lake.html, "Black Hills golfer dies after bitten by rattlesnake", "Hiker from Golden dies after being bitten by rattlesnake", "SC conservationist dies after rattlesnake bite at nature preserve", "Autopsy confirms snake bite killed SC conservationist, coroner says", "Kentucky man dies from snake bite at church service", "Autopsy: Teen used cobra to commit suicide", https://www.news-leader.com/story/news/local/ozarks/2015/09/18/case-closed-grounds-homicide-investigation-fatal-snakebite-nixa-man/72403660/, "Snakebite claims life of Watkinsville man", "Two weeks after rattlesnake bite, Nassau County boy, 4, dies", "Cherokee County man dies from rattlesnake bite, a rare occurrence in Alabama", "Armuchee man dies from rattlesnake bite", "Family remembers man bitten by timber rattlesnake", "Venomous snakes removed from home, man's death under investigation", "Camper dies after Copperhead bite along Current River", "Snake-handling W.Va. preacher dies after suffering bite during outdoor service", "Web Extra: 1983 Daily Telegraph story detailing the death of Wolford's father, also from a snake bite", "Did bite from black mamba kill New York woman? Rattlesnakes. Though its venom only kills one out of 10 untreated people, the aggressiveness of this snake means it bites quickly and often. Although rare, some workers with a severe envenomation or allergy to snake venom may be at risk of death if bitten. Share on Pinterest. Each year snake bites are on the rise, especially during springtime and summer. The person will experience pain and possibly bleeding, drooping eyelids, and low blood pressure. Hale was bitten on the hand while removing a rattlesnake from a box during a religious service in, Brown was bitten while handling a snake during a religious service in, Saylor, a Pentecostal preacher, was bitten while handling a rattlesnake during a religious service in. Bitten at her home and died two days later from a bleed in the brain. The bite occurred in Franklin Township at Snake Hollow, near the present-day Scioto Trails State Forest, southeast of Chillicothe, Ohio, in, Link was showing his pet timber rattlesnake to a group of, Moomey died from a rattlesnake bite she received while playing with friends near her house in, The children were bitten and died while their family was sleeping on the, Stankiewicz, a Lithuanian immigrant, trapped a rattlesnake while fishing near. Can all venomous snakes deliver a dry bite? Rebecca O. Andrews, approximately 28, female, Brannon died from a rattlesnake bite received while lying on a blanket in. In 2018, 20-year old Callum Edwards died from being bitten by a tiger snake while attending the Beyond the Valley music festival on December 29. Case histories of the last nine fatalities (1969-1984), in which the cause of death on the State of Arizona Certificate of Death was snakebite, were reviewed. VideoCovid-19: The disinformation tactics used by China, India ignores Covid surge to hold IPL cricket tourney, 'I can't change my gender unless I'm sterilised' Video'I can't change my gender unless I'm sterilised'. The copperhead accounts for more cases of venomous snake bite than any other North American species but its bite is seldom fatal. Rattlesnake (probably western diamondback, but possibly timber). At least one species of venomous snake is found in every state except Hawaii  and Alaska. , Venomous snakes are distributed unevenly throughout the United States — the vast majority of snake bites occur in warm weather states. Accidentally stepped on baby Western Diamondback while climbing down ladder at Possum Kingdom Lake, Texas. This is the last known fatality from a wild snake bite in the state of Ohio. Each year, up to five million people worldwide are estimated to be bitten by snakes. … Price was bitten above the right ankle while wading across a stream near Cuyamaca Reservoir in. It does, apart from when you don't know you've been bitten. The copperhead accounts for more cases of venomous snake bite than any other North American species but its bite is seldom fatal. Venoms can vary, even within snake species and within the same country, causing different effects on the body and responding differently to the same anti-venom. Daggette, Alvin S., M.D. Although only 1 out of 10 untreated victims dies from its venom, the saw-scaled viper kills the most … Leprette was bitten on each hand while swimming in Saugahatchee Creek near, Hughes was bitten on the finger by a small snake in his own garage. Wolford was bitten on the thigh while handling a timber rattlesnake as part of an outdoor religious service at. One snake's poison may not be like another's, even if they are from the same species. Ledwell was bitten while taking a walk in Paulden, Arizona. A classic sign of this is ptosis, when people can't keep their eyes open. However, many of these deaths are likely due to lack of medical care. Bitten while walking in woods near her home in, Bitten by a rattlesnake while picking berries near her home in, Bitten beneath the right knee while at a picnic near the city reservoir alongside the Willow Creek Highway in, The daughter of a rancher, Cooper was bitten by a rattlesnake on a ranch near, Dr. Emerson, a nationally known soil expert, was found dead on a trail eight miles west of, Weaver, a 35-year-old itinerant was bitten on the hand by a rattlesnake during a "faith" demonstration at a revival service in, A farmer, Correll was bitten on the hand, while in the hay loft of his barn near, Bitten while fishing along Rattling Creek near. De Bary, the director of the Salt Lake City Zoo, was bitten on the left forearm by a South African puff adder when he opened the cage to tend to the animal. the blood) and/or the nervous system. Call My Agent star joins plea to reopen French theatres, A shrinking river sparks a fight for water access, âPlease donât lend Kenya more moneyâ. Myanmar ambassador to UK 'locked out' of embassy1, 'Strong' evidence found for a new force of nature2, Navalny 'losing sensation in legs and hands'3, Jabs 'breaking link' between UK cases and deaths4, Kardashian tries to get photo wiped off the web5, Beijing now has more billionaires than any city6, Myanmar celebrity model arrested in coup crackdown7, Hong Kong citizens given 'support' to come to UK8, What we know about India's coronavirus vaccines9, Blood clot is 'very rare AstraZeneca side effect'10. Williams, of Columbus, Ohio, was bitten while handling a snake during a religious service in, Ball was presumably bitten by a snake, possibly a, Bucklen, of Charleston, West Virginia, was bitten while handling a snake during a religious service in, Bristow had been collecting snakes in a bag when he was bitten on the hand by a cottonmouth moccasin in, Bitten while handling a rattlesnake during a religious service in, An experienced herpetologist, Dickinson was bitten while force-feeding an 8-foot Indian king cobra in, Bitten on a finger of his left hand by Mojave rattlesnake while collecting specimens near, 15-month-old Don Bebis was playing in the yard at his home in. These life-saving antidotes to snake bites are made by extracting venom from snakes then injecting it diluted into sheep or horses, which build up antibodies against it. However, because of their small size, their venom is seldom fatal. Without a shadow of a doubt, India tops the list of the … Omitted incidents include … Rattlesnake envenomations are more likely to be fatal than bites from other venomous species. They have rings at the end of … Abnormal blood clotting and bleeding. She was the first child to die of a snakebite in Parker County, Texas. That's because venomous snakes are found across large swathes of the planet, typically in rural, tropical areas, like sub-Saharan Africa and south-east Asia. The EU's medicines regulator finds the benefits of the Covid-19 vaccine outweigh the risks. There is no evidence at all that sucking out venom from a snakebite with the mouth or using any other suction device helps. But the numbers could be even larger - because many of the worst-affected countries don't keep data on snakebites and research into this problem is scarce. Westbrook was bitten just above the right elbow while handling a copperhead; he had been attempting to determine the snake's sex. Alexander was bitten during the 23rd Annual Brownwood Rattlesnake Roundup in, Wolford was bitten on the arm by a timber rattlesnake during religious services at the Lord Jesus Temple in Mile Branch, near, Reverend Holbrook was bitten while handling a rattlesnake during religious services in, Bitten on the right hand by a copperhead he picked while playing near his home in, Mounts was bitten on the right arm while handling a snake during a religious service in, Rev. Covid-19: The disinformation tactics used by China. But experts are still unsure whether a single, universal anti-venom (which targets many types of venom from different snakes) is better than separate anti-venoms which target specific snake species in specific regions. Comstock died as result of a bite from a rattlesnake during a snake handling exhibition on Water Street in. It can trigger lots of tiny blood clots and then when the venom punches holes in blood vessels causing them to leak, there is nothing left to stem the flow and the patient bleeds to death. Move away from the rattlesnake. But research suggests that it has diversified over time and now venoms are more complex and more toxic than ever before. Perrin was killed by a rattlesnake at Stribling Springs in. Davison was bitten on the top of his right hand as he transferred a six-foot rattlesnake from one cage to another at Silver Springs Nature Park near Ocala, Florida.  X Research source Get at least 20 feet (6.1 m) away from the snake. Pettigrew died from a rattlesnake bite while clearing land in, Richardson Cemetery (Town of Springport, NY), This was the last fatal snakebite in the state of, A child was bitten by a rattlesnake, and died the next day, in, This page was last edited on 27 February 2021, at 11:21. Snakes with fangs at the front of their mouths are most dangerous - such as the cobra, puff adder, viper, rattlesnake and mamba, for example. HARRISBURG — It rarely happens, but a 39-year-old Pennsylvania man died this weekend from a rattlesnake bite in Elk County. In some countries, especially in remote areas where health services are scarce, natural remedies are often used to try to treat the bites but this only delays how long it takes to get to hospital. She illegally kept numerous venomous snakes in her home, one of which was a Black Mamba. Found dead in her home in Putnam Co., NY. Pit viper snake venoms are hemotoxic, except for some Mojave rattlers. And finally, this daredevil dog who was bitten by a rattlesnake but lived to woof the tale. Other common symptoms include: numbness in the face or limbs lightheadedness weakness nausea or vomiting sweating salivating blurred vision difficulty breathing Video, Covid-19: The disinformation tactics used by China, 'I can't change my gender unless I'm sterilised' Video, 'I can't change my gender unless I'm sterilised', Myanmar ambassador to UK 'locked out' of embassy, 'Strong' evidence found for a new force of nature, Navalny 'losing sensation in legs and hands', Jabs 'breaking link' between UK cases and deaths, Kardashian tries to get photo wiped off the web, Beijing now has more billionaires than any city, Hong Kong citizens given 'support' to come to UK, What we know about India's coronavirus vaccines. Bitten while planting watermelons in his backyard in Bryceville, Florida. Few ordinary people can afford them and governments and health officials have shown little interest in training medical personnel to diagnose and treat venomous snake bites. Hernandez-Hernandez became the first person to die in the United States from a fatal coral snake bite since 1967. Mrs. Butterbaugh was bitten by a timber rattler at her home on Piney Creek, 12 miles east of Chillicothe, Ohio near the Tar Hollow State Forest. Maine, for example, theoretically has only one species (timber rattlesnake); it is rarely seen, and then only in the southern part of the state, and the species is likely extirpated in Maine, with the last sighting in 1901.. Venomous snakes bite about 8,000 people annually in the United States, but according to most estimates, no more than 12 of these bites are fatal each year. Read on to find out what I’ve learned about what to do if your dog gets bit by a copperhead to avoid a fatality. "Man dies after being bitten while handling snake during Bell County church service". The fangs acts like a hypodermic needle, injecting the venom quickly and efficiently into the unsuspecting victim. Â© 2021 BBC. Shaw was bitten by a rattlesnake he was trying to kill in Bastrop County, Texas. Snakes get closer to humans and cause more damage and more deaths than any other venomous animal, including spiders, scorpions and jellyfish. Anti-venoms which have been proven to be safe and effective are rare - and one of the best is running out. Six males and three females ranged in age from 2 to 77 years, and were bitten between 0800-2100 hours from April to September. The canebrake rattlesnake that bit him was one of 179 snakes he kept and bred in various containers and 84 of the snakes were venomous species. The moment Dieynne Saugo screamed in shock and pain was caught on camera by another swimmer who was bathing at the beauty spot in the Brazilian jungle. Brown died of a heart attack one day after he was bitten by a copperhead snake while camping on the Current River, Missouri. Hiler was bitten on his left hand while attempting to cut off the rattles from what he thought was a dead snake that he came across in the road while driving near Cleveland, Georgia. For most other snakes, there's the pain felt from the initial bite, as the fangs sink into the skin, and then the pain created by the venom as it starts to work - causing inflammation, clotting the blood, causing skin cells to self-destruct. Edwards was airlifted to a hospital but died on January 1, 2019. Around the area of the bite, necrosis can set in. Dusky pygmy rattlesnake are small, from 12 to 24 inches typically, and are found just about anywhere. They are all bad news. It has been estimated that 7,000–8,000 people per year receive venomous snake bites in the United States, and about five of those people die. The deadliest snake. Rattlesnakes. In fact, experts say it could hasten the venom's passage into the bloodstream. Rattlesnake envenomations are more likely to be fatal than bites from other species. Bitten on his right thumb at his mobile house. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Bites from venomous snakes are extremely rare in the states near the Canada–US border. Yancy was bitten while pulling up his pants in Smithville, Texas. The venom consists of proteins, polypeptides, and enzymes that cause necrosis and hemolysis. The world's deadliest snake is probably the Saw-scaled Viper (Echis carinatus), because it causes the most documented deaths. India. Read about our approach to external linking. Collins was bitten during a religious service in the community of Arjay, Bell County, Kentucky. Cutting out the venom is not recommended either because it could make the wound much worse. He was admitted to Sierra Vista Regional Health Center in, Lema was bitten in the thigh by a rattlesnake while helping his father, Victor Lema, in their, Finch was bitten by either of these snakes she kept as pets in her, Brown was bitten while handling rattlesnake during a religious service in. The child survived for a day after the bite. What percent of bites are dry bites (no venom injected)? Researchers at the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine are busy collecting venom from deadly snakes in order to develop a new generation anti-venom treatment against the bite of every dangerous snake in sub-Saharan Africa, where snake bites kill about 30,000 people each year. But, on the whole, there are two main ways snakes make us suffer - by attacking the circulatory system (ie. Snakes called kraits, which live in south Asia, have a painless bite. This means paralysis, starting at the head, moving down the body until, if untreated, the diaphragm is paralysed and the patient can't breathe. Snake venom is made up of several hundred proteins which all have a slightly different toxic effect on the human body. You won’t find details on the numbers of dogs bitten, or killed, by venomous snakes, though. Myanmar celebrity model arrested in coup crackdown, Covid-19: The disinformation tactics used by China. Neurotoxic venom tends to act more quickly, attacking the nervous system and stopping nerve signals getting through to the muscles. Bites in three … The World Health Organization has added 'snakebite' to its list of neglected tropical diseases, but what is the real scale of the problem it faces against such a vicious venom? Anti-venoms are expensive and only produced in limited quantities. (1917).  Most fatal bites are attributed to the eastern diamondback rattlesnake and the western diamondback rattlesnake. These antibodies are then separated from the animal's blood and used to make anti-venom - but there's a problem. Are pay-by-the-minute booths the future of work? Rattlesnakes are easily identifiable. Plantain Leaves. Haemotoxic venom goes for the bloodstream. Copperhead bites should not be minimized, because death is possible. Hagerman was bitten on the right thumb during her first snake handling at a church service in, Bitten on the hand by diamondback rattler while reaching into a gopher hole in, Rev. Redness, swelling and tissue damage, or complete destruction, in the area of the bite. These venomous snakes … Since snakes lurk on the ground, often camouflaged and unseen, farmers, rural workers and many young children can easily disturb them and get bitten. There are plenty of myths about how to deal with being bitten by a snake, so don't be fooled. They are known for slithering into homes when the inhabitants are asleep, usually on beds on the floor. In the USA there are between 8,000 and 10,000 reported snakebites annually , out of which 30% are venomous. Most crotalid venoms d… Tassie farmer's fatal snake bite horror. Number of snake bites per year: 81,000. Other venoms can increase blood pressure, decrease blood pressure, prevent bleeding or create it. The snake struck her main artery. Both are probably worth having. To know about these dangerous signs that may help the victim to realize it as a case of snake bite, current study is employed on fatal cases in this region. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. States like Florida and Texas have a wide variety and large population of venomous snakes. A doctor is in intensive care after a deadly snake dropped on her head from a waterfall as she swam at a popular tourist destination in Brazil and bit her. "Report of a Case of Snake Bite, with Treatment". It is possible for a copperhead snake bite to kill a dog, but often the first bite will be a “dry” bite warning with no venom. For example, a bite from a coral snake can be almost painless at first, but still deadly. A cottonmouth snake. … It can trigger lots of tiny blood clots and then when the venom punches holes in blood vessels causing them to leak, there is nothing left to stem the flow and the patient bleeds to death. Below is a list of fatal snakebites that occurred in Australia. Because of the relatively small size of some dogs in proportion to the amount of venom injected, the bite of even a small snake may be fatal. Anti-venoms. Snake venom is a white or yellow-coloured liquid which is produced in glands behind the snake's eyes and is pumped down a duct to the fangs when it bites down on something or someone. In dogs and cats, mortality is generally higher in bites to the thorax or abdomen than bites to the head or extremities. He was reportedly very allergic to bee stings and poison ivy. Severe bleeding can lead to a hemorrhage or kidney failure. Henson, described as an "elderly minister" in the Free Holiness Church, was bitten on the hand while handling a rattlesnake during a religious service in, Schmidt, a renowned herpetologist, died in, Bitten on the arm while handling a rattlesnake during a religious service in, A German immigrant to the U.S., performing as "Princess Naja" at a night club in, 15-month-old Perry was playing in the backyard of her home in, Bitten by a "giant rattlesnake" while cutting pulpwood alongside the Orlando Highway in, Bitten on the right forearm while handling a rattlesnake during a religious service in, Bitten below the left knee while cutting trees near. Can a copperhead kill a dog? Collins died from a rattlesnake bite while picking blackberries in Grady County, Georgia. Witnesses told investigators that Brown had seen a snake in one of the tents and was trying to remove it when the snake bit him on the right thumb. The victim might be disturbed a little but is likely to go back to sleep, and in the morning they wake up paralysed - or not at all. This is a list of some people who were fatally bitten by snakes in the United States by decade in reverse chronological order. Long died after being bitten by a snake during a serpent-handling service at church. If the snake feels threatened, it can strike again. Benham died from a rattlesnake bite in Adams County, Colorado, 17 miles north of Deer Trail. He and Jesus Moreida, both of, Wolf, a German tourist, was bitten while hiking near. In the case of serious bites, sea snake antivenom can be administered. It is found in the wild that plantain leaves are very effective in treating snake bites. The golden question is whether a copperhead bite fatal to a dog. Venomous snakes are found around the world, but the people most at risk live in … Shane Tattie, a 27-year old male also died from a tiger … Blood clot is 'very rare AstraZeneca side effect'. A venomous bite is called an “envenomation.”. american gi deaths vietnam snake bites; fatal snake bites g i vietnam; deaths by snake bite in viet nam; how many deaths in india from snake bites; snake bite deaths in vietnam; how many americans died of snake bite in Vietnam; vietnam NVA snakebite casualties; number of casualties caused by snake bite in ww3 and viet nam It has been estimated that 7,000–8,000 people per year receive venomous bites in the United States, and about 5 … Without correct treatment, it can be fatal. Sides died in Texas of a rattlesnake bite. Body cam footage shows fatal police arrest. How Many People Die Due To Snakebites In The US? How do you weigh up the risks of the AZ vaccine? Rourke died from a bite while playing near a pile of rocks near the family's ranch in the Purgatory River Valley of southern Colorado. Intentionally engaging with a venomous snake raises the risk of incurring a fatal bite, as does concurrent alcohol or drug use. It is not a comprehensive list. Out of those, around 100,000 die and 400,000 are left disabled or disfigured by their injuries. Intentionally engaging with a venomous snake raises the risk of incurring a fatal bite, as doe … Death following envenomation from a native U.S. snake is unlikely, particularly if medical attention is sought promptly. Therefore, the person who was bitten should move out of range of the snake. A study done between 2000 and 2013 found the most venomous snakes reside in Georgia, Louisiana, North Carolina, Oklahoma, West Virginia, Florida and Texas. 60 fatal snakebite cases were studied retrospectively for 5 years with an objective to know the socio-demography, latency and pattern of injuries in rural Southern India. Long-term, this can lead to amputations, the loss of the use of a limb or the need for multiple skin grafts. "Venom Poisoning in North American Reptiles". Read about our approach to external linking. Contrary to public perception, pit viper bites are not immediately fatal unless the venom enters a vein directly. Wiley, an experienced herpetologist, who was known as the "Queen of the Cobras" for her work in the movie industry, was posing for a photograph with a juvenile cobra when she was bitten after a flashbulb startled the snake.