Buenos Aires had an extensive street railway (tram) system with over 857 km (533 mi) of track, which was dismantled during the 1960s after the advent of bus transportation, but surface rail transport has made a small comeback in some parts of the city. [98] In rural areas, the houses in the villas miserias might be made of mud and wood. Nur in den Provinzen Salta und Tucumán gibt es nennenswerte mittlere Städte. Charakteristisch für die Region ist eine Konzentration auf bestimmte Gebiete, die mit den Verkehrsachsen und Flusstälern zusammenfallen; etwa den Süden von Jujuy, das zentrale Salta und Tucumán sowie die Hauptstädte von La Rioja und Catamarca. Diese relativ gleichmäßige Verteilung hat sich jedoch erst seit wenigen Jahrzehnten herausgeprägt, bis weit ins 20. In der Provinz leben etwa ein Drittel der Landesbevölkerung. Gran Buenos Aires (abgekürzt GBA) ist der Ballungsraum von Buenos Aires, der Hauptstadt Argentiniens.Er zieht sich etwa 100 km am Ufer des Río de la Plata entlang, bei einer maximalen Breite von 40 km. The most popular tourist sites are found in the historic core of the city, specifically, in the Montserrat and San Telmo neighborhoods. Sie wird durch den Río Piura in zwei Teile geteilt. Die Bevölkerung setzt sich zum größten Teil aus Binnenwanderern aus anderen Regionen zusammen, wobei die Nordwestargentinier den ersten Rang einnehmen. These suburban trains operate between 4 am and 1 am. Provincia Buenos Aires este una dintre provinciile Argentinei, localizată în partea estică, și are ieșire la Oceanul Atlantic.Capitala provinciei este La Plata.. Vezi și. Die meisten Völker der Ureinwohner in der Region sind heute mestizisiert und ihre Kultur und Sprache wird nur noch durch Wissenschaftler aufgearbeitet (z. 1963 (vyhl. [218][219] Fares remain relatively cheap, although the city government raised fares by over 125% in January 2012. In the months immediately following said "May Revolution", Buenos Aires sent a number of military envoys to the provinces with the intention of obtaining their approval. Bei den Einwanderern fällt neben den Europäern die Dominanz von Nachkommen arabischer Völker (Syrer, Libanesen, Armenier) auf. One of these ships is a catamaran, which can reach a top speed of about 80 km/h (50 mph). [110], As Buenos Aires is strongly influenced by European culture, the city is sometimes referred to as the "Paris of South America". The Lunfardo argot originated within the prison population, and in time spread to all porteños. The city is home to hundreds of bookstores, public libraries and cultural associations (it is sometimes called "the city of books"), as well as the largest concentration of active theaters in Latin America. Following the economic mini-boom of the 1990s, record numbers started commuting by car and congestion increased, as did the time-honored Argentine custom of taking weekends off in the countryside. č. Sie ist mit mehr als einem Drittel der Gesamtbevölkerung Argentiniens die bevölkerungsreichste und auch die flächenmäßig größte Provinz des Landes. [154] The city considers itself the Tango World Capital, and as such hosts many related events, the most important being an annual festival and world tournament. [173] An increasing number of young, independent designers are also setting up their own shops in Bohemian San Telmo, known for its wide variety of markets and antique shops. [198] Today, over 1.8 million vehicles (nearly one-fifth of Argentina's total) are registered in Buenos Aires.[199]. The Buenos Aires City Police force is composed of over 25,000 officers. [231], According to data released by Moovit in July 2017, the average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Buenos Aires, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 79 min. Je nach Definition hat das Gebiet laut der Volkszählung 2010 zwischen 12,8 und 14,4 Millionen Einwohner. [157][158] The newly founded Argentina Sono Film released ¡Tango! In June 1996, shortly before the City's first Executive elections were held, the Argentine National Congress issued the National Law 24.588 (known as Ley Cafiero, after the Senator who advanced the project) by which the authority over the 25,000-strong Argentine Federal Police and the responsibility over the federal institutions residing at the City (e.g., National Supreme Court of Justice buildings) would not be transferred from the National Government to the Autonomous City Government until a new consensus could be reached at the National Congress. Buenos Aires; Chalaco; La Matanza; Morropón; Salitral; San Juan de Bigote; Santa Catalina de Mossa; Santo Domingo; Yamango Geografie. People ignored public-health campaigns to limit the spread of contagious diseases, such as the prohibition of spitting on the streets, the strict guidelines to care for infants and young children, and quarantines that separated families from ill loved ones.[27]. [113] The Centro Cultural Kirchner (Kirchner Cultural Center), located in Buenos Aires, is the largest cultural center of Latin America,[114][115] and the third worldwide. Argentinien weist unter den Entwicklungsländern ein hohes Entwicklungsniveau auf, im Index der menschlichen Entwicklung stand es auf Platz 38 (2007/2008)[5] und damit in Lateinamerika an erster Stelle. It has a zoo and botanical garden, a large number of landscaped parks and squares, as well as churches and places of worship of many denominations, many of which are architecturally noteworthy. Departamentos/Partidos: die Departamentos oder Partidos der Provinz – Projektion 2010, 2015, 2019 Orte: alle urbanen und ländlichen Siedlungen in der Provinz – Zensus 1991, 2001, 2010 Buenos Aires (Provinz) Shanty towns (villas miseria) started growing around the city's industrial areas during the 1930s, leading to pervasive social problems and social contrasts with the largely upwardly-mobile Buenos Aires population. Other popular sports in Buenos Aires are golf, basketball, rugby and field hockey. An attempt by the peninsular merchant Martín de Álzaga to remove Liniers and replace him with a Junta was defeated by the criollo armies. The return of democracy in 1983 coincided with a cultural revival, and the 1990s saw an economic revival, particularly in the construction and financial sectors. [171], The fashionable neighborhood of Palermo, particularly the area known as Soho, is where the latest fashion and design trends are presented. The system has six underground lines and one overground line, named by letters (A to E, and H) and there are 100 stations, and 58.8 km (37 mi) of route, including the Premetro line. Santiago de Liniers, chosen as new viceroy, prepared the city against a possible new British attack and repelled a second invasion by Britain in 1807. Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires. It is heavily influenced by the dialects of Spanish spoken in Andalusia and Murcia, and shares its features with that of other cities like Rosario and Montevideo, Uruguay. Die größten Ausländergruppe waren 2010 die Paraguayer (550.713), Bolivianer (345.272), Chilenen (191.147) und Peruaner (157.514). [24] When referring specifically to the autonomous city, it is very common to colloquially call it "Capital" in Spanish. Buenos Aires: Instituto de Investigaciones Gino Germani, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, 2000 (IIGG Documentos de Trabajo, N° 14): http://www.iigg.fsoc.uba.ar/docs/dt/dt14.pdf), "The Virtual Jewish History Tour – Argentina", "Censo Nacional de Población, Hogares y Viviendas 2010: Pueblos Originarios: Región Metropolitana: Serie D N, "Cuadro P42-P. Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires. Die Región Cuyo (Provinzen San Luis, Mendoza und San Juan) ist ein insgesamt sehr ungleichmäßig bevölkertes Gebiet. Buenos Aires' inhabitants have been historically characterized as "fashion-conscious". [152], According to the Harvard Dictionary of Music, "Argentina has one of the richest art music traditions and perhaps the most active contemporary musical life" in South America. Buenos Aires was also the first city to host a Mundo Lingo event on 7 July 2011, which have been after replicated in up to 15 cities in 13 countries. Spanish sailors, especially Andalusians, venerated this image and frequently invoked the "Fair Winds" to aid them in their navigation and prevent shipwrecks. Die Bev�lkerung von Buenos Aires besteht haupts�chlich aus Argentiniern spanischer und italienischer Abstammung. Buenos Aires architecture is characterized by its eclectic nature, with elements resembling Paris and Madrid. The Judicial branch is composed of the Supreme Court of Justice (Tribunal Superior de Justicia), the Magistrate's Council (Consejo de la Magistratura), the Public Ministry, and other City Courts. These compete with each other, and attract exceptionally high use with virtually no public financial support. Celá aglomerace, tzv. There are many public universities in Argentina, as well as a number of private universities. However, by 1810 it would be those same armies who would support a new revolutionary attempt, successfully removing the new viceroy Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros. Today, Lunfardo is mostly heard in tango lyrics;[151] the slang of the younger generations has been evolving away from it. Bevölkerung und Städte. [96], Buenos Aires is the seat of a Roman Catholic metropolitan archbishop (the Catholic primate of Argentina), currently Archbishop Mario Poli. Argentines' love for horses can be experienced in several ways: horse racing at the Hipódromo Argentino de Palermo racetrack, polo in the Campo Argentino de Polo (located just across Libertador Avenue from the Hipódromo), and pato, a kind of basketball played on horseback that was declared the national game in 1953. "Provinces of Argentina". [81] There is a minority of criollo citizens, dating back to the Spanish colonial days. [145], Buenos Aires is one of the most prolific book publishers in Latin America and has more bookstores per capita than any other major city in the world. Retrieved 28 September 2015. The Jewish community in Greater Buenos Aires numbers around 250,000, and is the largest in the country. [21], A second (and permanent) settlement was established in 1580 by Juan de Garay, who sailed down the Paraná River from Asunción (now the capital of Paraguay). The Kavanagh building, with its 12 elevators (provided by Otis) and the world's first central air conditioning system (provided by the North American company "Carrier"), is still an architectural landmark in Buenos Aires.[177]. [88] Amongst the 186,640 persons who are of indigenous origin, 21.2% are Guaraní, 19% are Toba, 11.3% are Mapuche, 10.5% are Quechua and 7.6% are Diaguita. As of March 2008[update], the Guardia Urbana was removed. Their basic tools were a HT radio transmitter and a whistle. Bis Mitte des 19. The Buenos Aires commuter rail system has seven lines: The Buenos Aires commuter network system is very extensive: every day more than 1.3 million people commute to the Argentine capital. Argentina has been the home of world champions in professional boxing. Attempts at renovation took place during the second half of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, when European influences penetrated into the country, reflected by several buildings of Buenos Aires such as the Iglesia Santa Felicitas by Ernesto Bunge; the Palace of Justice, the National Congress, all of them by Vittorio Meano, and the Teatro Colón, by Francesco Tamburini and Vittorio Meano. The city's principal avenues include the 140-meter (459 ft)-wide July 9 Avenue, the over 35-kilometer (22 mi)-long Rivadavia Avenue,[197] and Corrientes Avenue, the main thoroughfare of culture and entertainment. Ein Sonderfall bildet La Pampa, dessen Ostteil agrarisch geprägt und damit wenig verstädtert ist, während im Westen sich die geringe Bevölkerung in wenigen Zentren ballt. Auffällig ist jedoch ein hohes Bevölkerungswachstum in der Region, vor allem in den großen Städten. [237] On 4 July 2013, the IOC elected Buenos Aires as the host city. Diese relativ gleichmäßige Verteilung hat sich jedoch erst seit wenigen Jahrzehnten herausge… Es gibt viele Klein- und Mittelstädte, in denen sich ein großer Teil der Bevölkerung ballt. In fact, notable consumer brands such as Burberry and Louis Vuitton have abandoned the country due to the exchange rate and import restrictions. Urban Guard officials did not carry any weapons in the performing of their duties. 23.03.2021 . View of 9 de Julio Avenue with the Obelisco, Puerto Madero one of the main financial centers of Buenos Aires, The city of Buenos Aires lies in the pampa region, with the exception of some areas such as the Buenos Aires Ecological Reserve, the Boca Juniors (soccer club)'s "sports city", Jorge Newbery Airport, the Puerto Madero neighborhood and the main port itself; these were all built on reclaimed land along the coasts of the Rio de la Plata (the world's widest river).[35][36][37].